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Date of posting : November 9, 2020

UN: 4th Committee Reaffirms Support for Political Process aimed at Settling Regional Dispute over Moroccan Sahara

The Fourth Committee of the United Nations General Assembly on Friday adopted a resolution without a vote reiterating its support for the UN-led political process aimed at settling the regional dispute over the Moroccan Sahara.

The resolution calls on all parties to fully cooperate with the UN Secretary-General to achieve a political solution to this regional dispute. It thus supports the political process based on Security Council resolutions since 2007, with a view to achieving a “just, lasting and mutually acceptable political” solution to the Moroccan Sahara issue.

The text commends the efforts made in this regard, and calls on all parties to fully cooperate with the Secretary-General, and with each other, in order to reach a “political solution which is mutually acceptable”.

This resolution, like its previous ones and those adopted by the Security Council over two decades, does not at any time mention the referendum, dead and buried by both the UN Secretary-General, the General Assembly and the United Nations Security Council.

The United Nations General Assembly also welcomes in this resolution that the parties have undertaken to continue to demonstrate political will and to work in an atmosphere conducive to dialogue, on the basis of the efforts and the new developments that occured since 2006, thus ensuring the implementation of Security Council resolutions since 2007.

Thus, it should be noted that the only new fact that has occurred in the political process since 2006 is the presentation by Morocco on April 11, 2007, of the autonomy initiative.

In this regard, the resolution expresses the support of the General Assembly for the resolutions of the Security Council since 2007, which have underlined the preeminence of the autonomy initiative presented by Morocco, welcomed by the Executive Body and the whole international community as a serious and credible initiative for the final settlement of this regional dispute.

The text also supports the recommendations of resolutions 2440 and 2468 adopted respectively in October 2018 and April 2019 by the Security Council, and enshrined in resolutions 2494 of October 30, 2019, and 2548 of October 30, 2020, which determine the parameters of the solution to the regional dispute over the Moroccan Sahara, namely a political, realistic, pragmatic, lasting and compromise-based solution.

Resolutions 2440, 2468, 2494 and 2548 have endorsed the round table process and defined, once and for all, its four participants, namely Morocco, Algeria, Mauritania and the Polisario. Indeed, resolutions 2468, 2494 and 2548 mention Algeria, like Morocco, five times.

These Security Council resolutions also welcome the measures and initiatives undertaken by Morocco for the promotion and protection of human rights in its southern provinces, and the role played by the Commissions of the National Human Rights Council in Laayoune and Dakhla, as well as Morocco’s interaction with the mechanisms of the United Nations Human Rights Council.

They also reiterate the request of the UN executive body for the registration and census of the populations in the Tindouf camps, and demand the deployment of the necessary efforts to this end.

Resolutions 2414, 2440, 2468, 2494 and 2548 had ordered the Polisario to withdraw from the buffer zone of Guerguerat and to cease all its destabilizing acts to the east of the defense system in the Moroccan Sahara and to refrain from any action that may undermine the UN political process.