HRH Prince Moulay Rachid Hands on Behalf of HM the King Preliminary Note on Migration to AU Chairman
HRH Prince Moulay Rachid handed on behalf of HM King Mohammed VI to Guinean President, Alpha Conde, Chairman of the African Union (AU), a preliminary note entitled “Vision for an African Agenda for Migration.”
This took place on Monday in Addis Ababa during the opening ceremony of the 29th Summit of Heads of State and Government of the African Union, held under the theme “Harnessing the Demographic Dividend through investments in Youth.”
Presented by HM the King, the designated leader to manage the issue of migration at the continental level, this preliminary note is divided into four fundamental aspects.
The first aspect deals with national policies. Thus, each country has the legal responsibility to manage illegal migration, to combat trafficking of all kinds and to create the political conditions for the integration of migrants while ensuring the protection of their rights. Migration, according to the note, should not be an instrument of repression.
The second aspect provides for sub-regional coordination, without which national migration management policies will be in vain. The various sub-regions of the continent are evolving at a differentiated rate in terms of regional integration.
The last two aspects refer to the continental perspective and the international partnership. It is therefore necessary to adopt a continent-wide view that allows for the establishment of a common migration strategy in order to overcome the obstacles and challenges posed by migration to African countries.
With regard to international partnership, the note stresses the need for African countries and the African Union to assess and respond to the challenges and opportunities of migration. As a global issue, migration must be the subject of partnerships in which Africa will have to fully play its role.
While migration is a global and continental issue, it certainly poses challenges to African countries, but its good management could also bring opportunities for the continent.
According to the preliminary note, Africa must speak with one voice at the international level, defend a common vision and put in place shared governance on mobility issues.
According to estimates by international organizations, the number of migrants worldwide reached 250 million in 2016.
South-South flows are older than South-North migration and account for 59% of all migratory movements.
The distinction traditionally made between countries of departure, transit and reception is not relevant.
Migration in Africa is an essentially intra-African labor migration. All the countries of the continent have become at the same time countries of emigration, transit and settlement, but on various scales.
It is essential that the continent speaks with one voice in international forums and develop a comprehensive and coordinated approach to the various negotiating processes that link it to other stakeholders on migration issues.