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Date of posting : August 12, 2018

No Solution to Moroccan Sahara Issue without Consulting Morocco and without the Involvement of Algeria

The Personal Envoy of the UN Secretary General for the Moroccan Sahara, Horst Köhler, briefed on Wednesday the UN Security Council.

In his briefing, the Personal Envoy informed the members of the Security Council about his 2nd regional tour (June 23-July 1), which took him to Algeria and Mauritania, as well as to Morocco, where he visited Rabat on June 27, in addition to Laayoune, Smara and Dakhla (June 28-July 1).

According to diplomatic sources at the Security Council, the Personal Envoy expressed his thanks to the Moroccan authorities for facilitating his visit to the southern provinces, and enabling him to have access to the several people he wished to meet and to witness first-hand the economic and social development of the region.

Several members of the Council welcomed the atmosphere in which the regional tour of the Personal Envoy took place, in particular the visit to the Moroccan Sahara.

According to the same sources, the majority of the Council’s members also expressed their satisfaction with the results of the various meetings and visits undertaken by the Personal Envoy, and called on him to continue working and interacting with all parties to maintain the momentum of the resumption of the process.

According to observers, the Moroccan authorities have always expressed Morocco’s full cooperation with the United Nations for the relaunch of the political process, insisting on the precondition of a deep and comprehensive assessment of the content of the discussions between the Personal Envoy and the parties during his last regional tour and the need to pursue a transparent, responsible and serene dialogue in view of this resumption.

They also affirmed that there can be no solution to the regional dispute over the Moroccan Sahara without consulting the Kingdom and without the involvement of Algeria, the main party responsible for the genesis and maintenance of this dispute.

In its resolution 2414 of 27 April 2018, the Security Council called on neighboring States, including Algeria, to make an important contribution to the political process and to engage further in the negotiations.

In this regard, MAP noted that many members of the Security Council insisted, during Wednesday’s briefing, on the need to tread carefully, as part of the relaunch of the process, in consultation with the parties, and in particular Morocco, on all ideas and proposals.

It is worth to recall that Morocco is fully committed to the UN process, in accordance with the fundamentals of the Moroccan position as underlined in HM the King’s speech on the occasion of the commemoration of the 42nd anniversary of the Green March, on November 6, 2017:

-‘No’ to any solution to the Sahara question other than within the framework of Morocco’s full sovereignty over its Sahara and the Autonomy Initiative, which has been declared serious and credible by the international community.

-Draw lessons from past experience, for the problem is not so much finding a solution as determining the process that produces it; for this reason, all the parties that have concocted this dispute must fully shoulder their responsibility in order for a final solution to be reached.

-Ensure full compliance with the terms of reference adopted by the UN Security Council when addressing this artificial regional dispute, for the Security Council is the only international body tasked with overseeing the settlement process.

-Outright rejection of any transgression or attempt to infringe on Morocco’s legitimate rights or its best interests; rejection of any obsolete proposals designed to divert the settlement process from the set terms of reference, or to introduce or impose other issues which are dealt with by other relevant bodies.