The Hassania: More than a dialect, an inexhaustible source of wisdom
The Hassania is an Arab dialect spoken in the Moroccan Sahara. Over a wide geographical area, it is the mother tongue of a population of Noun Wadi in southern Morocco in the Senegal River in southern Mauritania.
At the origin of Bedouin dialect Hassaniya is distinguished by various phonetic and morphological features. Despite heard of the geographical area in which it is spoken, Hassaniya presents a great unit and if there are differences it is primarily in the lexicon.
The speakers of the Hassaniya appalle the “Klam Al Bidhane” (speaking whites) Bidane dialect) to distinguish it from other particular Berber and other dialects.
According to the book “Al Wasit” Ahmed Amine Chenguiti, “Hassaniya is a mixture of classical Arabic dialect mixed by the (…). It is called klam Hassan and I do not know who that Hassan “.
Linguistically, the Hassanya part of rural or nomadic Arabic dialects, as distinguished city dwellers and urban dialects. It is characterized by a rich dictionary of words and expressions Berber particularly in the areas of agriculture, medicinal herbs and geographical names.
This is not a coincidence since the regions who speak Amazigh were initially Hassani dialect. The entrance to the Hassani dialect has certainly been a linguistic change factor created by Maakilia and Hilalia tribes in distinct stages of Islamic history of North Africa.
Like the other dialects, Hassaniya knows phonetically differences from one region to another, including, most important remains the pronunciation of the letter “Kaf” “Ghine”. Unlike other Bedouin dialects of North Africa, Hassaniya was able to maintain a very close to classical Arabic structure.