After the achievement of independence in 1956, the Saharan Liberation Army was formed in order to liberate the territory by force. All Saharan tribes, men and women, alike, actually enlisted in the army of liberation. There is not a single family in the Sahara that did not pay a heavy price for the sake of liberation during this time.

The liberation army fought many battles that displayed the courage and bravery of the Sahraouis, as well as the staunch commitment by all Sahraoui people to their country, Morocco, the Alawite Throne, and to the King of Morocco.

Unfortunately, the recuperation of the Sahara could not be achieved during this period due to France and Spain’s independently forming a coalition – the ECOUVILLON operation – in order to at thwart the efforts of the Saharan Liberation Army.