The South Atlantic area covering the Sahara region is characterized by the diversity of fish species whose composition and abundance are conditioned mainly by hydro-climatic factors prevailing on the West African coast.

The exploitation of this biodiversity has been responsible for the emergence of a public and private investment dynamics in the Sahara region in the maritime field since their return to the motherland.

In this respect, and once the recovery by Morocco of its southern provinces, the marine fisheries sector has grown exponentially, which took the form of increased maritime fishing units whether artisanal fishing, fishing coastal or deep-sea fishing as well as increasing the number of fishermen engaged in marine fishing units.

The desire to build the marine fisheries sector as a strategic axis of economic and social development of the region has materialized through the implementation of specialized investment by both the private sector for the fishing fleet and the recovery industries; the public sector for hospitality and coaching infrastructure.

The human element is an important component of the development program of marine fisheries sector in the Sahara region.

In order to contribute to the development of qualification and coaching of human resources, the southern provinces of Morocco have four maritime training institutes in Laayoune, Dakhla, Boujdour and Tan Tan.

These institutes provide training in the various maritime disciplines. The laureats of these Institutes work in fishing boats or in other public and private institutions such as the Ministry of Maritime Fisheries, the Ministry of equipment, Office Chérifien des Phosphates Office (OCP), Office of management of the Ports (ODEP) and other maritime research Institutes.