El Hassania is an Arabic dialect spoken in the Moroccan Sahara. Over a wide geographical area, it is the mother tongue of a population living in Noun river in the southern of Morocco to the Senegal River in southern Mauritania.
Dialect originally Bedouins Hassaniya is distinguished by various phonetic and morphological features. Despite heard of the geographical area in which it is spoken, Hassaniya presents a great unit and if there are differences it is primarily in the lexicon.
The speakers of the Hassaniya called “Klam Al Bidhane” (white speaking) to distinguish it from other particular Berber and other dialects.
According to Ahmed Amine Chenguiti’s book “Al Wasit”, “Hassaniya is a mixture of classical Arabic and dialect (…). It is called klam Hassan and I do not know who is Hassan “.
Linguistically, the Hassanya part of rural or nomadic Arabic dialects. It is characterized by a rich dictionary of words and Berber expressions particularly in the areas of agriculture, medicinal herbs and geographical names.
This is not a coincidence since the regions who speak Amazigh were initially Hassani dialect. The entrance to the Hassani dialect has certainly been a linguistic change factor created by Maakilia and Hilalia tribes in distinct stages of Islamic history of North Africa.
Like the other dialects, Hassaniya knows phonetically differences from one region to another. The most important difference remains the pronunciation of the letter “Kaf” “Ghine”. Unlike other Bedouin dialects of North Africa, Hassaniya was able to maintain a very close structure to classical Arabic.