The region is famous for its mineral resources. The Phosphate represent the potential wealth of the region.
Its operation began in the sixties, after the discovery of large quantities of this material in the regions of Boukraa Amsliken, Azig, El-Abadela and in the province of Oued Ed-Dahab. Geological studies that have been conducted showed that only Boukraa region represents great potential and great economic importance.
Boukraa is located 100 km to the southeast of Laayoune, the capital of the south. The reserves announced in this region are 2 billion tons with a metal percentage from 72% to 75%. But we comparing these figures with the general reserves of Morocco this represents only a small part, since the total reserves of the Kingdom are estimated at 60 billion tonnes.
Besides phosphates, iron is also counted among the mineral wealth available in the Moroccan Sahara. The reserves of this metal are estimated at 400 million (Mauritania included) tons on along the Atlantic coast with a metal proportion of 57%.
But the estimated reserves in the country do not exceed 1.5 million tons. What makes the costly and difficult operation. Copper is also present in the region of Akjout near the Mauritanian border.
Saline are also present in the southern provinces especially in the region ofTazgha, Umm Debaâ, Tisslitine, Tissfourine. The saline Tazgha is the largest, it is spread over a large area. Its reserves are estimated at 4.5 million tonnes.
New technologies have enabled the development of Sahara region mapping program, which helped carry out many studies, research and precise mapping which explained in greater detail the sites containing the natural richness, their depth, the volume and the available quantities.