Under Spanish colonization, commercial activity in the Sahara region remained tied to the satisfaction of natural and necessary needs of the Moroccan Sahrawi citizens. This activity was focused only on food trade, cloth, clothing, livestock including camels and goats.

After the departure of the last Spanish soldier and the recovery of the Sahara by Morocco in 1975, all regions of the territory have experienced intense commercial activity related in particular to industrial centers set up in big cities of the Sahara and throughout the Saharan coast. This was reflected in the construction of dozens of commercial markets and the intensification of trade in goods, fish products, industrial, agricultural and mining with other regions of the Kingdom. The remarkable commercial activity in the southern provinces has contributed to changing the lifestyle of the Saharawi citizens in the promotion of land, sea and air transport.